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Run a vulnerability scan

You can scan vulnerabilities by running the appropriate commands. The CLI provides flexibility and automation capabilities for integrating vulnerability scanning into your existing workflows or CI/CD pipelines. The tool allows scanning an image, directory, file, or a previously generated SBOM.


kubeclarity-cli scan <image/sbom/directory/file name> --input-type <sbom|dir|file|image(default)> -f <output file>


kubeclarity-cli scan nginx.sbom --input-type sbom

You can list the vulnerability scanners to use using the SCANNERS_LIST environment variable separated by a space (SCANNERS_LIST="<Scanner1 name> <Scanner2 name>"). For example:

SCANNERS_LIST="grype trivy" kubeclarity-cli scan nginx.sbom --input-type sbom

Example output:

INFO[0000] Called trivy scanner on source sbom nginx.sbom  app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0000] Loading DB. update=true                       app=kubeclarity mode=local scanner=grype
INFO[0000] Need to update DB                             app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0000] DB Repository:  app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0000] Downloading DB...                             app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0010] Gathering packages for source sbom:nginx.sbom  app=kubeclarity mode=local scanner=grype
INFO[0010] Found 136 vulnerabilities                     app=kubeclarity mode=local scanner=grype
INFO[0011] Sending successful results                    app=kubeclarity mode=local scanner=grype
INFO[0011] Got result for job "grype"                    app=kubeclarity
INFO[0012] Vulnerability scanning is enabled             app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0012] Detected SBOM format: cyclonedx-json          app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0012] Detected OS: debian                           app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0012] Detecting Debian vulnerabilities...           app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0012] Number of language-specific files: 1          app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0012] Detecting jar vulnerabilities...              app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0012] Sending successful results                    app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0012] Found 136 vulnerabilities                     app=kubeclarity scanner=trivy
INFO[0012] Got result for job "trivy"                    app=kubeclarity
INFO[0012] Merging result from "grype"                   app=kubeclarity
INFO[0012] Merging result from "trivy"                   app=kubeclarity
curl              7.74.0-1.3+deb11u7                 CVE-2023-23914    CRITICAL    grype(*), trivy(*)
curl              7.74.0-1.3+deb11u7                 CVE-2023-27536    CRITICAL    grype(*), trivy(*)
libcurl4          7.74.0-1.3+deb11u7                 CVE-2023-27536    CRITICAL    grype(*), trivy(*)
libdb5.3          5.3.28+dfsg1-0.8                   CVE-2019-8457     CRITICAL    grype(*), trivy(*)
libcurl4          7.74.0-1.3+deb11u7                 CVE-2023-23914    CRITICAL    grype(*), trivy(*)
perl-base         5.32.1-4+deb11u2                   CVE-2023-31484    HIGH        grype(*), trivy(*)
libss2            1.46.2-2                           CVE-2022-1304     HIGH        grype(*), trivy(*)
bash              5.1-2+deb11u1                      CVE-2022-3715     HIGH        grype(*), trivy(*)

Export results to KubeClarity backend

To export the CLI results to the KubeClarity backend, complete the following steps.

  1. To export CLI-generated results to the backend, from the left menu bar select Applications, then copy the ID from the KubeClarity UI. If your application is not listed yet, select + New Application, and create a new pod.

    Resource ID on the UI

  2. To export the vulnerability scan results to the KubeClarity backend, set the BACKEND_HOST environment variable and the -e flag.

    Note: Until TLS is supported, set BACKEND_DISABLE_TLS=true.

    BACKEND_HOST=<KubeClarity backend address> BACKEND_DISABLE_TLS=true kubeclarity-cli scan <image> --application-id <application ID> -e

    For example:

    SCANNERS_LIST="grype" BACKEND_HOST=localhost:9999 BACKEND_DISABLE_TLS=true kubeclarity-cli scan nginx.sbom --input-type sbom  --application-id 23452f9c-6e31-5845-bf53-6566b81a2906 -e
  3. Now you can see the exported results on the UI.

Check scan results on the UI

  1. To see the results of a vulnerability scan, select the Vulnerabilities page in KubeClarity UI. It shows a report including the vulnerability names, severity, the package of origin, available fixes, and attribution to the scanner that reported the vulnerability.

    Vulnerability scan results

  2. You can click on any of these fields to access more in-depth information. For example, click on the name of a vulnerability in the VULNERABILITY NAME column.

    Details of a vulnerability

  3. Select CVSS to show the CVSS scores and other details reported from the scanning process.

    CVSS scores

  4. Navigate back to the Vulnerabilities view to explore the filtering options. Filtering helps you reduce noise and improve efficiency in identifying and potentially fixing crucial vulnerabilities.

    Filtering vulnerability scan results

  5. The KubeClarity Dashboard gives you insights into vulnerability trends and fixable vulnerabilities.

    KubeClarity dashboard